Nelson rolihlahla mandela was born in a small village in the southeastern region of south africa called the transkei his father was chief of the village and a member of the royal family of the thembu tribe, which spoke the xhosa language as a boy, mandela grew up in the company of tribal elders. As a symbol of the brutality of south africa's apartheid past and of the immense courage of those who fought for the country's freedom, robben island, about 12km offshore from cape town, is a pivotal beacon in the history of south africa. Nelson mandela was a south african anti-apartheid revolutionary a statue of nelson mandela sits at parliament square, london nelson mandela was a south african known as a heroic leader worldwide for his fight against apartheid and politician he also showed exceptional leadership by stepping down. This one page reading plus one page of questions gives an overview of apartheid and the anti-apartheid movement in south africa the reading describes south africa's colonial history, its development of apartheid laws, and the work of nelson mandela, the african national congress and others in declaring these laws illegal. Nelson mandela was born on 18th july 1918 he attended the local mission school before attending a wesleyan secondary school in healdtown he then went to the university college of fort hare where he became a member of the student's council mandela failed to gain his degree because he was.
Nelson mandela wanted to make his country, south africa, a symbol of reconciliation he went from being a political prisoner in the apartheid state of south africa to former president of south. It has been 100 years since the birth of nelson mandela, elected as south africa's first black president after being imprisoned by the apartheid government for nearly three decades. Nelson mandela, south africa's first black president, nobel prize winner and anti-apartheid icon passed away on thursday at his home in johannesburg at the age of 95 by any standard, madiba, as. Nelson rolihlahla mandela was the son of one of south africa's leading dignitaries, chief henry mandela of the tembu tribe, and it was as a young law student that he became involved in political opposition to the white minority regime.
The new national assembly's first act was to elect nelson mandela as president, making him the country's first black chief executive the date 27 april is now a public holiday in south africa , freedom day. In 1994 mandela was elected the first black president in south africa's history when nelson mandela became president, south africa and the anc announced its reconstruction and development plan to tackle the problems of the country. Nelson mandela, whose activism made him a central figure in ending apartheid in south africa, went from a prisoner to president in his lifetime. The south african activist and former president nelson mandela (1918-2013) helped bring an end to apartheid and has been a global advocate for human rights a member of the african national.
It's common knowledge that nelson mandela served 27 years in prison, helped usher in the end of apartheid, and was elected the first black president of south africa in 1994 as incredible as. Nelson mandela belongs to a cadet branch of the thembu dynasty, which reigns in the transkei region of south africa's eastern cape province basically he is the great-grandson of an african king. Nelson mandela nelson mandela was, without question, the most important leader in south african history, and he has acted as a symbol for equal civil rights worldwide in this paper, i will provide you with a short biography about mandela's life, his presidency, and explain the impact he had on his country, and why it matters today. In his autobiography long walk to freedom, nelson mandela recalled listening to the radio during drives in south africa while i despised the conservative politics of radio bantu served up by.
Nelson mandela was the president of south africa from 1994-1999 he was the first black president of south africa, and the first president to be elected in a fully representative election nelson mandela's government focused on destroying the apartheid government in the country, which had focused on racial segregation enforced by the law. South african history online's contribution to celebrating the life and times of nelson mandela has been, since 2008, to add to the mandela feature on our website. Nelson mandela became south africa's first black president in 1994, following a 20-year anti-apartheid campaign read more about his life and legacy, and explore videos, photos and more, at.
Nelson mandela became a worldwide symbol of the struggle of his people for emancipation and sparked a global movement he changed the history of south africa through his steadfast adherence to the cause against apartheid during his 25 years of imprisonment in the us and elsewhere, mandela's. Nelson mandela at 100: how did south africa's apartheid start and end few words are more synonymous with 20th-century south african history than apartheid, the afrikaans word for. Nelson mandela facts also teach us about the system of apartheid that existed in south africa apartheid was a set of laws and a system of segregation that kept black people separate from white people in public places. When nelson mandela was a young man, white and black people in south africa lived separate lives under a system called apartheid white people, who were a small part of the population, were in.